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Office of Assessment of Teaching and Learning Indirect Measures

Types of Indirect Measures Used at WSU

WSU encourages programs to choose measures that provide useful information to the program’s faculty and fit with disciplinary expectations. The following are examples of some types of indirect measures used at WSU.

  • Student exit surveys or interviews
  • Focus groups
  • Course evaluations
  • Faculty review of curriculum or syllabi
  • Student research involvement
  • Course grades
  • Retention data
  • Alumni surveys
  • Consultations with advisory board providing professional input
Indirect MeasureDescription
Focus groups: StudentsStudents discuss their experiences, motivation, and perspective about aspects of their educational experience, skills, or knowledge.
Interviews: StudentsOne-on-one dialog with a student to determine his/her perception regarding learning outcome achievement, related academic experiences, and future plans.
Survey: Students or AlumniStudents/alumni report their beliefs about their knowledge, skills and/or abilities, and perspective on aspects of their educational experience, motivations and rationales.
Course evaluations/ student ratings of classesResponses about learning outcomes, academic experiences, perceptions and motivation can provide useful data about curricular effectiveness.
Curriculum map/ review: FacultyFaculty identify and review where the program SLOs are taught and developed in the curriculum, with opportunities for students to practice and deepen their skills before mastery is expected.
Course grades or other centrally collected dataGrades or other central data can, for example, give information about cohort progress through the curriculum, which can complement direct measures.
Washington State University