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Office of Assessment of Teaching and Learning Direct Measures

Types of Direct Measures Used at WSU

WSU encourages programs to choose measures that provide useful information to their faculty and fit with disciplinary expectations. The following are some examples of the types of direct measures used at WSU.

Direct MeasureDescription
Course Embedded AssignmentStudents complete course assignments that are directly related to program SLOs as a regular part of the course (and instructors grade the assignments for the course grade). In addition, the assignments are evaluated using criteria or a scoring rubric by the instructor and/or other program faculty and these scores are used for program-level assessment.

Types of assignments may include:
  • Papers
  • Presentations
  • Posters
  • Capstone or other culminating projects
  • Portfolios (i.e. a collection of student work)
  • Performances
  • Exhibitions
  • Course Embedded ExamStudents take tests/exams as part of a course that include questions directly aligned with program SLOs. The test/exam results are used for course grades and program assessment.
    Observation of Student PerformanceStudents’ performance of a task or activity is rated/scored by an unobtrusive observer, often using an “observation checklist” or rubric.
    National ExamStudents take a test/exam that is administered, scored, and interpreted in a standardized manner; often commercially developed and administered to many (e.g., across the nation). May be linked to professional certification or to a concept inventory.
    Internship Supervisor, Preceptor, or Employer Evaluation of Student Skills and KnowledgeTypically a written evaluation of student performance in a work setting. May include a rubric, checklist, or other way to align the evaluation with specific program SLOs.