Direct measures are assessments of students’ performances or work products that demonstrate the students’ skills and knowledge. Rather than tracking individual students, program-level assessment may investigate the performance of a representative sample of students to gain insight into the learning outcomes of the student population and the effectiveness of the curriculum or program overall. Direct measures reveal what students have learned and to what extent.
Direct measures come in many forms and WSU encourages programs to develop measures that fit their needs and disciplinary expectations.
Resources for Direct Measures
- Types of Direct Measures
- Indicators of Quality for Direct Measures
- WSU Examples of Senior-level Direct Measures
- Quick Guide to Norming on Student Work for Program-level Assessment [PDF]
- Sampling for Assessment: Strategies & Tips [PDF]
- Assessment Measures & Methods Toolkit
Program Spotlights Related to Direct Measures
- Using the Paired Question Technique to Assess Student Learning in General Chemistry (Chemistry)
- Using a Rubric to Assess Student Learning at the Senior-Level (Sociology)
- Using Direct and Indirect Measures to Assess Student Learning (Middle Level Math Endorsement)
- Using Results of Course-Embedded Assignments to “Close the Loop” (Psychology)
- Using Case Studies to Assess Students’ Abilities to Apply Knowledge to Real-world Situations (Public Affairs)